About Hungary, Budapest

10:01 PMZannnie

  • Name: Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság)
  • Founded in: December, 1000
  • EU Member since: May, 2004
  • Population: 10,198,315 (2006 July)
  • Territory: 93,030 km² / 35,919 sq miles
  • Official language: Hungarian (Magyar)
  • Capital city: Budapest
  • Currency: HUF (Hungarian Forint)
  • GDP per capita: $17,405
  • Average Summer Temp.: 27 to 32 °C (81 to 90 °F)
  • Average Winter Temp.: 0 to -15 °C (32 to 5 °F)

About Budapest
  • Budapest's population: 1 697 343
  • Male : 773 120
  • Female : 924 223
  • Live Births per year: 15 900
  • Deaths per year: 23 350
[Above statistics as per 2005]

The Population Density in Budapest is 3 226 per sq km as per 2006.


Geographical data: North Latitude 47.28° East Longitude 19.8°


Average yearly temperature: 14°C (January = -1.6°C; July = 20.8°C)

Yearly moisture: 520 mm

Sunny hours a year:
In January - 55 hours;
In July - 274 hours

Budapest was created by the unification of three cities - Buda, Óbuda and Pest - in 1873 and from this point on the Hungarian capital started to grow and develop rapidly.

The population of the city tripled between 1875 and 1900. Budapest reached its fullest flower in that period and became eighth largest city in Europe, larger than Rome, Madrid or Milan.

Area

Its area now is 525 sq. km. Two-thirds of the city is Pest, located on the eastern, flat bank of the Danube, and one-third is Buda, located on the western, hilly bank of the Danube.

Population

The population of Budapest is 1 705 309 inhabitants (as of 2004), which makes 17% of the country’s population.

Population structure

38 523 students (colleges and universities) and 509 425 retirees (as of 2003).

Vital statistics

Per thousand of inhabitants: 8.5 births; 13.9 deaths; 5.0 marriages (as of 2003).

Climate

Budapest is located in temperate zone and has a continental climate. This means that seasonal variations in temperature are extreme. The coldest month is January, while the hottest ones are June, July and August.

Crimes

15 284 convicts with definitive sentence in 2003.

Districts And Government

Budapest consists of twenty-three districts, designated by Roman numerals (I to XXIII). Each of the districts has own government, the so-called district government. The local government of Budapest is Budapest Municipality with elected mayors and a body of representatives.

Buda's districts are I, II, III, XI, XII, XXII.
Pest's districts are IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XIII, XIV, XV, XVI, XVII, XVIII, XIX, XX, XXI, XXIII.

Transport

Stock of road motor vehicles: 14 970 motorcycles, 604 981 passenger cars, 4 372 autobuses, 74 789 lorries, 3 144 tractors. (as of December 31, 2003)

Source: Hungarian Central Statistical Office



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